Cricket originated in England. There were records about cricket in England around 1300. For a long time, cricket has been hailed as an aristocratic sport, and Henry VIII called it "the sport of kings".
Cricket is a sport of batting, bowling and catching. Participants are divided into two teams, usually 11 people each, with one team attacking and the other defending. The players on the attacking side are batters. During the game, only two players can be sent off the field each time to try to score high points; On the defensive side, 11 players are on the field at the same time. One is the bowler and is responsible for throwing the ball into the wicket behind the batsman, trying to drive him out. Catch the ball to prevent the offense from scoring. After the batting inning of the attacking side is over, the two teams will switch offense and defense, and the team with the higher score will be the winner.
The pitching side tries to knock out the opposing batter. There are mainly the following methods for a batsman to be out:
1. The bowler hits the post
2. The ball is caught by a player of the pitching team before it hits the ground after being hit by the batsman.
3. The batter's leg blocks the ball. If the ball is thrown in the narrow space between the goalposts and the bowler's leg blocks the ball that would have hit the goalposts, the batsman is out. This rule is similar to offside in football.
4. The goal post is touched by the ball. When the batsman is running, the catcher of the bowling side is always ready to hit the post with the ball. If the catcher hits the post with the ball before the batsman runs back to the balloon area, the batsman is out.
5. If the batter holds the ball with his hands, that is, handball, he is also out. This happens less often.
6. Deliberate second hit
7. Timeout. This also rarely happens. Cricket is a gentleman's game where players from both sides respect each other. According to the rules, a new batsman must be in position within 3 minutes after the post is hit. If it is later than three minutes, the batsman is out.
8. The batsman touches the post
9. Hitters obstruct the line of sight, which rarely happens.
10. Not completing a run. Similar to item 4.
The pitching side has all 11 players on the field, but the batting side has only two players on the field at a time.
The captain of the pitching side can place nine receivers around the pitch. The other two are the bowler and the goalkeeper.
The bowler delivers the ball while the opposing batsman hits the ball and manages to score runs. For each run between two goalposts, one point is awarded.
If the batsman hits the ball to the sidelines, 4 points are scored. If the ball is hit out of bounds, 6 points are scored.
Although all 11 players on the batting side have a chance to hit the ball, if 10 batsmen have been out, the entire team is out, because the last batter has no teammates to cooperate with him.
A game does not have to be the end of the entire game. If the captain thinks that his side has scored enough points, he can declare the end of the game.
Both sides can have a backup player, called the "twelfth man," but he cannot pitch or hit the ball, he can only catch the ball.
Cricket matches vary in length, with an international cricket tournament played for six hours or more a day for as long as five days; there are many lunch and tea breaks; and the abundance of cricket terminology is used to The reason why cricket laymen are very troubled.
The basic technique of cricket consists of catching, passing, pitching and batting.
(1) Catch the ball: Catch the ball with both hands in place, watch the ball with both eyes, and when catching the ball, both hands should have a buffering action to avoid collision and rebound.
(2) Passing: use the index finger, middle finger and thumb to hold the ball. Passing the ball is the same as throwing the ball, the front foot should point to the target, pay attention to swinging the wrist when passing the ball, and complete the forward and follow-up actions after the pass. There are 3 kinds of passing postures, that is, shoulder pass, shoulder pass, shoulder pass or low hand pass.
(3) Batting: There are 3 methods; swinging, batting, and putting. When swinging, the hands should be close together, the front elbow should be away from the body, the forearm should be flat, the back elbow should not be too close to the body, and the feet should be slightly separated.
Management and promotion of cricket matches and clubs
Generally, in order to promote the cricket culture and commemorate the game, the game organizers and administrators will customize personalized cricket promotional t-shirts and cricket keychains as commemorative gifts.